Fresh/Brackish Tidal Shrubland

Description: elderberry 4.jpe Description: sweet gale 1.jpg Photos: salicicola.com

 

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Overview

 

Dense to open shrubland flooded by daily tides, occurring along the freshwater to brackish reach of coastal rivers. Normally located as a transition between freshwater tidal marsh and freshwater tidal swamp, there may also be patches of tidal shrublands throughout the freshwater tidal marshes. There is a great deal of micro-relief [tussocks and hollows] leading to high species diversity. Flood waters are typically slightly acid [pH less than 5] and soils are usually mineral without significant peat deposits. Average annual salinity values of less than 0.5 ppt. would be expected in freshwater tidal shrublands, and (0.5) -5 -18 ppt. in brackish tidal swamps.

 

Photos credit to salicicola.com (unless otherwise noted). Natural communities information extracted from the Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife Natural Heritage and Endangered Species Program (NHESP). NHESP's Fresh/Brackish Tidal Shrubland natural community page.

 

SEMPBA Archives: Fresh/Brackish Tidal Shrubland

 

Species Name

sweet gale (Myrica gale)

common alder (Alnus serrulata)

speckled alder (Alnus incana ssp. rugosa)

silky dogwood (Cornus amomum)

swamp-rose (Rosa palustris)

common winterberry (Ilex verticillata)

common elderberry (Sambucus canadensis)
rusty willow (Salix atrocinerea)
Bebb's willow (Salix bebbiana)
ash willow (Salix cinerea)
large pussy willow (Salix discolor)
black willow (Salix nigra)

buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis)

poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)

northern arrow-wood (Viburnum dentatum var. lucidum)

meadow-sweet (Spiraea alba var. latifolia)

tussock-sedge (Carex stricta)

royal fern (Osmunda regalis var. spectabilis)

marsh fern (Thelypteris palustris var. pubescens)

common marsh bedstraw (Galium palustre)

broad-leaved cat-tail (Typha latifolia)

arrow-arum (Peltandra virginica)

New York aster (Symphyotrichum novi-belgii)

false nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica)

touch-me-not a.k.a. jewelweed (Impatiens capensis)

swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata)

 

Description: sweet gale 4.jpe sweet-gale (Myrica gale)
Description: sweet gale 2.jpe sweet-gale (Myrica gale)
Description: sweet gale 5.jpe sweet-gale (Myrica gale)
Description: sweet gale 6.jpe sweet-gale (Myrica gale)
Description: common alder 3.jpe common alder (Alnus serrulata)
Description: common alder 1.jpe common alder (Alnus serrulata)
Description: common alder 4.jpg common alder (Alnus serrulata)
Description: common alder 2.jpg common alder (Alnus serrulata)
Description: speckled alder 5.jpe speckled alder (Alnus incana ssp. rugosa)
Description: speckled alder 3.jpe speckled alder (Alnus incana ssp. rugosa)
Description: speckled alder 4.jpe speckled alder (Alnus incana ssp. rugosa)
Description: silky dogwood 4.jpe silky dogwood (Cornus amomum)
Description: silky dogwood 1.jpe silky dogwood (Cornus amomum)
Description: silky dogwood 5.jpe silky dogwood (Cornus amomum)
Description: swamp rose 1.jpg swamp-rose (Rosa palustris)
Description: swamp rose 3.jpg swamp-rose (Rosa palustris)
Description: swamp rose 2.jpe swamp-rose (Rosa palustris)
Description: winterberry 5.jpg common winterberry (Ilex verticillata)
Description: winterberry 2.jpe common winterberry (Ilex verticillata)
Description: winterberry 3.jpe common winterberry (Ilex verticillata)
Description: elderberry 1.jpe common elderberry (Sambucus canadensis)
Description: elderberry 3.jpe common elderberry (Sambucus canadensis)
Description: elderberry 2.jpe

common elderberry (Sambucus canadensis)

Description: elderberry 5.jpe common elderberry (Sambucus canadensis)
rusty willow (Salix atrocinerea)--Invasive species.
rusty willow (Salix atrocinerea)--Invasive species.
rusty willow (Salix atrocinerea)--Invasive species.
rusty willow (Salix atrocinerea)--Invasive species.
Bebb's willow (Salix bebbiana)
Bebb's willow (Salix bebbiana)
Bebb's willow (Salix bebbiana)
Bebb's willow (Salix bebbiana)
ash willow (Salix cinerea)--Invasive species.
ash willow (Salix cinerea)--Invasive species.
ash willow (Salix cinerea)--Invasive species.
ash willow (Salix cinerea)--Invasive species.
large pussy willow (Salix discolor)
large pussy willow (Salix discolor)
large pussy willow (Salix discolor)
large pussy willow (Salix discolor)
black willow (Salix nigra)
black willow (Salix nigra)
black willow (Salix nigra)
black willow (Salix nigra)
Description: buttonbush 3.jpe buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis)
Description: buttonbush 2.jpg buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis)
Description: buttonbush 1.jpe buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis)
Description: poison ivy 1.jpe poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)
Description: poison ivy 2.jpe poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)
Description: poison ivy 3.jpg poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)
Description: arrow-wood 1.jpe northern arrow-wood (Viburnum dentatum var. lucidum)
Description: arrow-wood 2.jpe northern arrow-wood (Viburnum dentatum var. lucidum)
Description: arrow-wood 4.jpe northern arrow-wood (Viburnum dentatum var. lucidum)
Description: meadowsweet 3.jpe meadow-sweet (Spiraea alba var. latifolia)
Description: meadowsweet 6.jpg meadow-sweet (Spiraea alba var. latifolia)
Description: meadowsweet 1.jpg meadow-sweet (Spiraea alba var. latifolia)
Description: tussock sedge 4.jpe tussock sedge (Carex stricta)
Description: tussock sedge 2.jpe tussock sedge (Carex stricta)
Description: tussock sedge 1.jpe tussock sedge (Carex stricta)
Description: royal fern 5.jpe royal fern (Osmunda regalis)
Description: royal fern 2.jpe royal fern (Osmunda regalis)
Description: royal fern 1.jpe royal fern (Osmunda regalis)
Description: marsh fern 3.jpe marsh fern (Thelypteris palustris)
Description: marsh fern 1.jpe marsh fern (Thelypteris palustris)
Description: marsh fern 2.jpg marsh fern (Thelypteris palustris)
common marsh bedstraw (Galium palustre)
common marsh bedstraw (Galium palustre)
common marsh bedstraw (Galium palustre)
common marsh bedstraw (Galium palustre)
Description: broad cattail 1.jpe broad-leaved cat-tail (Typha latifolia)
Description: broad cattail 3.jpg broad-leaved cat-tail (Typha latifolia)
Description: broad cattail 2.jpe broad-leaved cat-tail (Typha latifolia)
Description: arrowarum 2.jpg arrow-arum (Peltandra virginica)
Description: arrowarum 3.jpg arrow-arum (Peltandra virginica)
Description: arrowarum 4.jpe arrow-arum (Peltandra virginica)
Description: arrowarum 1.jpg arrow-arum (Peltandra virginica)
Description: new york aster 2.jpe New York aster (Symphyotrichum novi-belgii)
Description: new york aster 4.jpe New York aster (Symphyotrichum novi-belgii)
Description: new york ster 3.jpe New York aster (Symphyotrichum novi-belgii)
Description: false nettle 2.jpe false nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica)
Description: false nettle 3.jpe false nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica)
Description: false nettle 1.jpg false nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica)
Description: touchmenot 4.jpe jewelweed (Impatiens capensis)
Description: touchmenot 2.jpe jewelweed (Impatiens capensis)
Description: touchmenot 3.jpe jewelweed (Impatiens capensis)
Description: swamp milkweed 4.jpe swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata)
Description: swamp milkweed 3.jpe swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata)
Description: swamp milkweed 1.jpe swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata)
Description: swamp milkweed 2.jpe swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata)