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Salt Marsh

Photos: salicicola.com

 

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Overview

 

A graminoid dominated, tidally flooded coastal community with several zones.

Salt marshes form in areas subject to oceanic tides, but are mostly sheltered from wave energy. They usually develop in estuaries and behind barrier beaches and spits. A peat develops in the higher marshes, with marsh plants extending into flats in stabilized areas, as plants trap sediments and organic material, raising the surface area. Upper edges may be brackish where freshwater surface runoff enters from the upland.

Photos credit to salicicola.com (unless otherwise noted). Natural communities information extracted from the Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife Natural Heritage and Endangered Species Program (NHESP). NHESP's Salt Marsh natural community page.

 

SEMPBA Archives: Salt Marsh

 

Species Name

saltwater cord-grass (Spartina alterniflora)

salt-marsh hay (Spartina patens)

spike grass (Distichlis spicata)

black grass (Juncus gerardii)

sea-lavender (Limonium carolinianum)

seaside goldenrod (Solidago sempervirens)

salt marsh switch grass (Panicum virgatum)

groundsel-tree (Baccharis halimifolia)

saltmarsh elder (Iva frutescens)

glasswort (Salicornia depressa)

 

 

saltwater cord-grass (Spartina alterniflora)
saltwater cord-grass (Spartina alterniflora)
saltwater cord-grass (Spartina alterniflora)
salt-marsh hay (Spartina patens)
salt-marsh hay (Spartina patens)
salt-marsh hay (Spartina patens)
spike grass (Distichlis spicata)
spike grass (Distichlis spicata)
spike grass (Distichlis spicata)
black grass (Juncus gerardii)
black grass (Juncus gerardii)
black grass (Juncus gerardii)
sea-lavender (Limonium carolinianum)

sea-lavender (Limonium carolinianum)

sea-lavender (Limonium carolinianum)
seaside goldenrod (Solidago sempervirens)
seaside goldenrod (Solidago sempervirens)
seaside goldenrod (Solidago sempervirens)
switch grass (Panicum virgatum)
switch grass (Panicum virgatum)
switch grass (Panicum virgatum)
switch grass (Panicum virgatum)
groundsel-tree (Baccharis halimifolia)
groundsel-tree (Baccharis halimifolia)
groundsel-tree (Baccharis halimifolia)
groundsel-tree (Baccharis halimifolia)
saltmarsh elder (Iva frutescens)
saltmarsh elder (Iva frutescens)
saltmarsh elder (Iva frutescens)
saltmarsh elder (Iva frutescens)

glasswort (Salicornia depressa)

 

By Homer D. House, New York State Botanist. Walter B. Starr of the Matthews-Northrup Company, Buffalo, and Harold H. Snyder of the Zeese-Wilkinson Company, New York, photographers. - Wild Flowers of New York Part 1, Plate 49-B.Salicornia europaea. University of the State of New York, State Museum, Albany., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=45399187