Red Maple Swamp

Description: swamp.jpg Description: white cedar 2.jpe

Photos: salicicola.com

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Overview

 

Acidic forested swamps with red maple dominant in the overstory. Red maple swamps are the most common forested wetlands in Massachusetts.Red maple swamps occur in a variety of physical settings. Golet at al. (1993) describe three basic types: hillside seeps and upland drainageways fed primarily by groundwater seepage and overland flow; seasonally flooded basin swamps in undrained basins; and alluvial swamps. The last category is classified separately in Massachusetts as Alluvial Swamp Forest. Depending on the physical setting, red maple swamps receive water through surface runoff, groundwater inputs, or stream and lake overflow. The hydrogeologic setting is the primary determinant of water regime and the plant community structure and composition. pH ranges from less than 4 to 7. Soils have shallow to thick organic layers overlying mineral sands/silts.

 

Photos credit to salicicola.com (unless otherwise noted). Natural communities information extracted from the Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife Natural Heritage and Endangered Species Program (NHESP). NHESP's Red Maple Swamp natural community page.

SEMPBA Archives: Red Maple Swamp

 

Species Name

red maple (Acer rubrum)

yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis)

black gum (Nyssa sylvatica)

white ash (Fraxinus americana)

white pine (Pinus strobus)

American elm (Ulmus americana)

hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)

pin oak (Quercus palustris)

swamp white oak (Quercus bicolor)

Atlantic white cedar (Chamaecyparis thyoides)

sweet pepperbush (Clethra alnifolia)

swamp azalea (Rhododendron viscosum)

greenbiers (Smilax rotundifolia)

highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum)

common winterberry (Ilex verticillata)

spicebush (Lindera benzoin)

northern arrow-wood (Viburnum dentatum var. lucidum)

speckled alder (Alnus incana ssp. rugosa)

nannyberry (Viburnum lentago)

poison sumac (Toxicodendron vernix)

cinnamon fern (Osmunda cinnamomea)

sensitive fern (Onoclea sensibilis)

royal fern (Osmunda regalis)

marsh fern (Thelypteris palustris)

spinulose wood fern (Dryopteris carthusiana)

skunk cabbage (Symplocarpus foetidus)

 

Description: Copy of red maple 2.jpe red maple (Acer rubrum)
Description: Copy of red maple 4.jpe red maple (Acer rubrum)
Description: Copy of red maple 5.jpg red maple (Acer rubrum)
Description: yellow birch 3.jpe yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis)
Description: yellow birch 4.jpe yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis)
Description: yellow birch 2.jpe yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis)
Description: yellow birch 5.jpe yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis)
Description: black gum 2.jpg black gum (Nyssa sylvatica)
Description: black gum 8.jpe black gum (Nyssa sylvatica)
Description: black gum 9.jpe black gum (Nyssa sylvatica)
Description: black gum 1.jpe black gum (Nyssa sylvatica)
Description: Copy of white ash 4.jpe white ash (Fraxinus americana)
Description: Copy of white ash 1.jpe white ash (Fraxinus americana)
Description: Copy of white ash 3.jpg white ash (Fraxinus americana)
Description: white pine 7.jpe white pine (Pinus strobus)
Description: white pine 3.jpe white pine (Pinus strobus)
Description: white pine 4.jpe white pine (Pinus strobus)
Description: white pine 5.jpe white pine (Pinus strobus)
Description: white elm 3.jpe American elm (Ulmus americana)
Description: white elm 2.jpe American elm (Ulmus americana)
Description: white elm 6.jpe American elm (Ulmus americana)
Description: hemlock 6.jpe hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)
Description: hemlock 2.jpe hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)
Description: hemlock 7.jpe hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)
Description: pin oak 5.jpg pin oak (Quercus palustris)
Description: pin oak 4.jpe pin oak (Quercus palustris)
Description: pin oak 3.jpg pin oak (Quercus palustris)
Description: white oak 8.jpg swamp white oak (Quercus bicolor)
Description: white oak 5.jpe swamp white oak (Quercus bicolor)
Description: white oak 3.jpg swamp white oak (Quercus bicolor)
Description: white oak 6.jpe swamp white oak (Quercus bicolor)
Description: white cedar 8.jpe Atlantic white cedar (Chamaecyparis thyoides)
Description: white cedar 4.jpe Atlantic white cedar (Chamaecyparis thyoides)
Description: white cedar 3.jpe Atlantic white cedar (Chamaecyparis thyoides)
Description: pepperbrush 4.jpe sweet pepperbush (Clethra alnifolia)
Description: pepperbrush 1.jpe sweet pepperbush (Clethra alnifolia)
Description: pepperbrush 2.jpg sweet pepperbush (Clethra alnifolia)
Description: azalea 5.jpe swamp azalea (Rhododendron viscosum)
Description: azalea 4.jpg swamp azalea (Rhododendron viscosum)
Description: azalea 3.jpg swamp azalea (Rhododendron viscosum)
greenbiers (Smilax rotundifolia)
greenbiers (Smilax rotundifolia)
greenbiers (Smilax rotundifolia)
greenbiers (Smilax rotundifolia)
Description: blueberry 4.jpe highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum)
Description: blueberry 3.jpg highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum)
Description: blueberry 1.jpe highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum)
Description: winterberry 5.jpg common winterberry (Ilex verticillata)
Description: winterberry 2.jpe

common winterberry (Ilex verticillata)

Description: winterberry 3.jpe common winterberry (Ilex verticillata)
Description: spicebush 7.jpe spicebush (Lindera benzoin)
Description: spicebush 5.jpe spicebush (Lindera benzoin)
Description: spicebush 8.jpe spicebush (Lindera benzoin)
Description: spicebush 1.jpe spicebush (Lindera benzoin)
Description: arrow-wood 1.jpe northern arrow-wood (Viburnum dentatum var. lucidum)
Description: arrow-wood 2.jpe northern arrow-wood (Viburnum dentatum var. lucidum)
Description: arrow-wood 4.jpe northern arrow-wood (Viburnum dentatum var. lucidum)
Description: speckled alder 5.jpe speckled alder (Alnus incana ssp. rugosa)
Description: speckled alder 3.jpe speckled alder (Alnus incana ssp. rugosa)
Description: speckled alder 4.jpe speckled alder (Alnus incana ssp. rugosa)
Description: nannyberry 1.jpg nannyberry (Viburnum lentago)
Description: nannyberry 2.jpe nannyberry (Viburnum lentago)
Description: nannyberry 4.jpe nannyberry (Viburnum lentago)
Description: poison sumac 3.jpg poison sumac (Toxicodendron vernix)
Description: poison sumac 1.jpg poison sumac (Toxicodendron vernix)
Description: poison sumac 2.jpg poison sumac (Toxicodendron vernix)
Description: cinnamon fern 3.jpe cinnamon fern (Osmunda cinnamomea)
Description: cinnamon fern 1.jpg cinnamon fern (Osmunda cinnamomea)
Description: cinnamon fern 4.jpe cinnamon fern (Osmunda cinnamomea)
Description: sensitive fern 3.jpe sensitive fern (Onoclea sensibilis)
Description: sensitive fern 6.jpe sensitive fern (Onoclea sensibilis)
Description: sensitive fern 1.jpe sensitive fern (Onoclea sensibilis)
Description: royal fern 5.jpe royal fern (Osmunda regalis)
Description: royal fern 2.jpe royal fern (Osmunda regalis)
Description: royal fern 1.jpe royal fern (Osmunda regalis)
Description: marsh fern 3.jpe marsh fern (Thelypteris palustris)
Description: marsh fern 1.jpe marsh fern (Thelypteris palustris)
Description: marsh fern 2.jpg marsh fern (Thelypteris palustris)
Description: wood fern 2.jpe spinulose wood fern (Dryopteris carthusiana)
Description: wood fern 6.jpe spinulose wood fern (Dryopteris carthusiana)
Description: wood fern 3.jpg spinulose wood fern (Dryopteris carthusiana)
Description: skunk cabbage 2.jpg skunk cabbage (Symplocarpus foetidus)
Description: skunk cabbage 3.jpe skunk cabbage (Symplocarpus foetidus)
Description: skunk cabbage 1.jpe skunk cabbage (Symplocarpus foetidus)