Wet Meadow

Description: brown beaksedge 6.jpg
Description: northern blue flag 1.jpe
Photos: salicicola.com

 

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Overview

 

Graminoid/emergent herbaceous communities that are similar to deep and shallow emergent marshes except that they are temporarily rather than seasonally flooded. The soil is saturated during the growing season but not generally inundated. Repeated disturbance, usually from grazing or mowing, keeps these communities open. Wet meadows occur in lake basins, wet depressions, along streams, and in sloughs and other backwater areas with impeded drainage along rivers. The mucky mineral soils are permanently saturated and flood occasionally; standing water is not present throughout the growing season as in deep and shallow emergent marshes. As these communities flood only temporarily, continued disturbance is necessary to prevent encroachment by woody plants. More information is needed on the physical and biological characteristics of wet meadow and marsh communities.

 

Photos credit to salicicola.com (unless otherwise noted). Natural communities information extracted from the Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife Natural Heritage and Endangered Species Program (NHESP). NHESP's Wet Meadow natural community page.

SEMPBA Archives: Wet Meadow

 

Species Name

tussock sedge (Carex stricta)

lakeside sedge (Carex lacustris)

Canada bluejoint (Calamagrostis canadensis var. canadensis)

wool-grass (Scirpus cyperinus)

slender woolly-fruited sedge (Carex lasiocarpa var. americana)

slender spike-sedge (Eleocharis tenuis)

stalked bulrush (Scirpus pedicellatus)

rice cut-grass (Leersia oryzoides)

brown beak-sedge (Rhynchospora capitellata)

water smartweed (Persicaria amphibia)

river-horsetail (Equisetum fluviatile)

nodding bur-marigold (Bidens cernua)

spotted joe-pye-weed (Eupatorium maculatum)

northern blue flag (Iris versicolor)

red-footed spike-sedge (Eleocharis erythropoda)

delicate sedge (Carex leptalea)

fen sedge (Carex tetanica)

 

Description: tussock sedge 4.jpe tussock sedge (Carex stricta)
Description: tussock sedge 2.jpe tussock sedge (Carex stricta)
Description: tussock sedge 1.jpe tussock sedge (Carex stricta)
Description: marsh sedge 1.jpg marsh sedge (Carex lacustris)
marsh sedge (Carex lacustris)
Description: marsh sedge 2.jpe marsh sedge (Carex lacustris)
Description: bluejoint 4.jpe Canada bluejoint (Calamagrostis canadensis var. canadensis)
Description: bluejoint 1.jpg Canada bluejoint (Calamagrostis canadensis var. canadensis)
Description: bluejoint 2.jpe Canada bluejoint (Calamagrostis canadensis var. canadensis)
Description: woolgrass 1.jpg wool-grass (Scirpus cyperinus)
Description: woolgrass 2.jpe wool-grass (Scirpus cyperinus)
Description: woolgrass 5.jpg wool-grass (Scirpus cyperinus)
Description: woolgrass 3.jpg wool-grass (Scirpus cyperinus)
Description: wf sedge 2.jpe slender woolly-fruited sedge (Carex lasiocarpa var. americana)
Description: wf sedge 3.jpe slender woolly-fruited sedge (Carex lasiocarpa var. americana)
Description: wf sedge 4.jpe slender woolly-fruited sedge (Carex lasiocarpa var. americana)
Description: wf sedge 1.jpg slender woolly-fruited sedge (Carex lasiocarpa var. americana)
Description: slender spikesedge 1.jpe slender spike-sedge (Eleocharis tenuis)
Description: slender spikesedge 2.jpe slender spike-sedge (Eleocharis tenuis)
Description: slender spikesedge 3.jpe slender spike-sedge (Eleocharis tenuis)
stalked bulrush (Scirpus pedicellatus)
stalked bulrush (Scirpus pedicellatus)
stalked bulrush (Scirpus pedicellatus)
Description: rice cutgrass 4.jpg rice cut-grass (Leersia oryzoides)
Description: rice cutgrass 5.jpe rice cut-grass (Leersia oryzoides)
Description: rice cutgrass 6.jpg rice cut-grass (Leersia oryzoides)
Description: rice cutgrass 3.jpe rice cut-grass (Leersia oryzoides)
Description: brown beaksedge 5.jpe brown beak-sedge (Rhynchospora capitellata)
Description: brown beaksedge 4.jpe brown beak-sedge (Rhynchospora capitellata)
Description: brown beaksedge 8.jpe brown beak-sedge (Rhynchospora capitellata)
Description: brown beaksedge 7.jpe

brown beak-sedge (Rhynchospora capitellata)

water smartweed (Persicaria amphibia)

By I, Svdmolen, CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2242889

water smartweed (Persicaria amphibia)

By Hardyplants at English Wikipedia - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=21034461

Description: river horsetail 1.jpe river-horsetail (Equisetum fluviatile)
Description: river horsetail 2.jpe

river-horsetail (Equisetum fluviatile)

Description: river horsetail 3.jpg river-horsetail (Equisetum fluviatile)
Description: nodding burmarigold 3.jpe nodding bur-marigold (Bidens cernua)
Description: nodding burmarigold 2.jpe nodding bur-marigold (Bidens cernua)
Description: nodding burmarigold 4.jpg nodding bur-marigold (Bidens cernua)
Description: spotted joepyeweed 5.jpg spotted joe-pye-weed (Eupatorium maculatum)
Description: spotted joepyeweed 1.jpg spotted joe-pye-weed (Eupatorium maculatum)
Description: spotted joepyeweed 4.jpg spotted joe-pye-weed (Eupatorium maculatum)
Description: spotted joepyeweed 2.jpg spotted joe-pye-weed (Eupatorium maculatum)
Description: northern blue flag 4.jpg northern blue flag (Iris versicolor)
Description: northern blue flag 2.jpe northern blue flag (Iris versicolor)
Description: northern blue flag 3.jpg northern blue flag (Iris versicolor)

red-footed spike-sedge (Eleocharis erythropoda)

Photo credit: R. Schipper, University of Michigan Herbarium, http://michiganflora.net/images.aspx?id=1106

red-footed spike-sedge (Eleocharis erythropoda)

Photo credit: R. Schipper, University of Michigan Herbarium, http://michiganflora.net/images.aspx?id=1106

red-footed spike-sedge (Eleocharis erythropoda)

Photo credit: R. Schipper, University of Michigan Herbarium, http://michiganflora.net/images.aspx?id=1106

Description: delicate sedge 2.jpg delicate sedge (Carex leptalea)
delicate sedge (Carex leptalea)
delicate sedge (Carex leptalea)
Description: delicate sedge 1.jpg delicate sedge (Carex leptalea)

fen sedge (Carex tetanica)

By Frank Mayfield, http://www.flickr.com/photos/gmayfield10/6372067879/, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=27696211