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Coastal Forest Woodland

Photos: salicicola.com

 

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Overview

Coastal forests are often shorter than forests further inland, but taller than maritime forests. There is often a dense shrub layer and vines, particularly near the edges.

Communities are found in more protected areas along the coast, such as behind dunes and on slopes away from the water, and behind maritime forests. Coastal forests are sheltered from direct daily maritime influences [not in the daily salt spray zone, but receive wind and salt during storms]. The community occurs within the climate area moderated by being near the ocean, with warmer winters and cooler summers than more inland areas. Although they often occur on sand or bedrock that doesn't hold water, fogs and increased precipitation can produce more available water than further inland. Historically, fire was often an important factor in coastal forests. Coastal and maritime forests and maritime shrublands grade into each other, and into dunes and more inland forests.

Photos credit to salicicola.com (unless otherwise noted). Natural communities information extracted from the Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife Natural Heritage and Endangered Species Program (NHESP). NHESP's Coastal Forest Woodland natural community page.

 

SEMPBA Archives: Coastal Forest Woodland

 

Species Name

black gum (Nyssa sylvatica)

scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea)

black oak (Quercus velutina)

white oak (Quercus alba)

chestnut oak (Quercus prinus)

post oak (Quercus stellata)

red maple (Acer rubrum)

sassafras (Sassafras albidum)

black cherry (Prunus serotina)

beech (Fagus grandifolia)

pitch pine (Pinus rigida)

white pine (Pinus strobus)

American holly (Ilex opaca)

red cedar (Juniperus virginiana)

pepper-bush (Clenthra alnifolia)

low bush blueberries (Vaccinium pallidum)

low bush blueberries (Vaccinium angustifolium)

black huckleberry (Gaylussacia baccata)

Pennsylvania sedge (Carex pensylvanica)

bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum)

wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens)

wild sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis)

poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)

Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)

grape (Vitis aestivalis)

grape (Vitis labrusca)

greenbriar (Smilax rotundifolia)

greenbriar (Smilax herbacea)

 

black gum (Nyssa sylvatica)
black gum (Nyssa sylvatica)
black gum (Nyssa sylvatica)
black gum (Nyssa sylvatica)
scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea)
scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea)
scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea)
black oak (Quercus velutina)
black oak (Quercus velutina)
black oak (Quercus velutina)
black oak (Quercus velutina)
white oak (Quercus alba)
white oak (Quercus alba)
white oak (Quercus alba)
chestnut oak (Quercus prinus)
chestnut oak (Quercus prinus)
chestnut oak (Quercus prinus)
post oak (Quercus stellata)
post oak (Quercus stellata)
post oak (Quercus stellata)
red maple (Acer rubrum)
red maple (Acer rubrum)
red maple (Acer rubrum)
red maple (Acer rubrum)
sassafras (Sassafras albidum)
sassafras (Sassafras albidum)
sassafras (Sassafras albidum)
sassafras (Sassafras albidum)
black cherry (Prunus serotina)
black cherry (Prunus serotina)
black cherry (Prunus serotina
beech (Fagus grandifolia)
beech (Fagus grandifolia)
beech (Fagus grandifolia)
beech (Fagus grandifolia)
pitch pine (Pinus rigida)
pitch pine (Pinus rigida)
pitch pine (Pinus rigida)
pitch pine (Pinus rigida)
white pine (Pinus strobus)
white pine (Pinus strobus)
white pine (Pinus strobus)
white pine (Pinus strobus)
American holly (Ilex opaca)
American holly (Ilex opaca)
American holly (Ilex opaca)
American holly (Ilex opaca)
red cedar (Juniperus virginiana)
red cedar (Juniperus virginiana)
red cedar (Juniperus virginiana)
red cedar (Juniperus virginiana)
pepper-bush (Clenthra alnifolia)
pepper-bush (Clenthra alnifolia)
pepper-bush (Clenthra alnifolia)
pepper-bush (Clenthra alnifolia)
lowbush blueberries (Vaccinium pallidum)
lowbush blueberries (Vaccinium pallidum)
lowbush blueberries (Vaccinium pallidum)
lowbush blueberries (Vaccinium angustifolium)
lowbush blueberries (Vaccinium angustifolium)
lowbush blueberries (Vaccinium angustifolium)
black huckleberry (Gaylussacia baccata)
black huckleberry (Gaylussacia baccata)
black huckleberry (Gaylussacia baccata)
Pennsylvania sedge (Carex pensylvanica)
Pennsylvania sedge (Carex pensylvanica)
bracken fern (Pteridum aquilinum)
bracken fern (Pteridum aquilinum)
wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens)
wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens)
wild sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis)
wild sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis)
wild sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis)
poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)
poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)
poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)
poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)
Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)
Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)
Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)
Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)

grape (Vitis aestivalis)

grape (Vitis aestivalis)
grape (Vitis aestivalis)
grape (Vitis aestivalis)
grape (Vitis labrusca)
grape (Vitis labrusca)
grape (Vitis labrusca)
grape (Vitis labrusca)
greenbriar (Smilax rotundifolia)
greenbriar (Smilax rotundifolia)
greenbriar (Smilax rotundifolia)
greenbriar (Smilax rotundifolia)
greenbriar (Smilax herbacea)
greenbriar (Smilax herbacea)
greenbriar (Smilax herbacea)
greenbriar (Smilax herbacea)