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Forest Seep

Photos: salicicola.com

 

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Overview

Hardwood forests on slopes, with small springs and seeps on mucky soils. The canopy is from or similar to, the surrounding forest, but shrub and herbaceous layers species are typical of wetlands or mesic areas.

Seeps may be near stream headwaters, or may be isolated with the water absorbed into the surroundings. They occur where the top of the ground water table intersects the surface, and the water emerges. Because Forest Seep Communities occur statewide in all types of forest, the canopy cover trees may be northern hardwoods, conifers, oak, or mixed.

Photos credit to salicicola.com (unless otherwise noted). Natural communities information extracted from the Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife Natural Heritage and Endangered Species Program (NHESP). NHESP's Forest Seep natural community page.

SEMPBA Archives: Forest Seep

 

Species Name

highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum)

mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia)

hobblebush (Viburnum lantanoides)

swamp dewberry (Rubus hispidus)

silky dogwood (Swida amomum)

winterberry (Ilex verticillata)

sweet pepperbush (Clenthra alnifolia)

jewelweed (Impatiens capensis)

golden ragwort (Packera aurea)

crooked-stemmed aster (Symphyotrichum prenanthoides)

cinnamon fern (Osmunda cinnamomea)

ostrich fern (Matteuccia struthiopteris)

silvery spleenwort (Deparia acrostichoides)

rattlesnake fern (Botrychium virginianum)

Christmas fern (Polystichum acrostichoides)

golden saxifrage (Chrysoplenium americanum)

scouring rush (Equisetum hyemale)

false hellebore (Veratrum viride)

water avens (Geum rivale)

eastern rough sedge (Carex scabrata)

bladder sedge (Carex itumescens)

three-seeded sedge (Carex trisperma)

multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora)

Japanese barberry (Berberis thunbergii)

common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)

highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum)
highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum)
highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum)
highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum)
mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia)
mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia)
mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia)
mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia)
hobblebush (Viburnum lantanoides)
hobblebush (Viburnum lantanoides)
hobblebush (Viburnum lantanoides)
hobblebush (Viburnum lantanoides)
swamp dewberry (Rubus hispidus)
swamp dewberry (Rubus hispidus)
swamp dewberry (Rubus hispidus)
swamp dewberry (Rubus hispidus)
silky dogwood (Swida amomum)
silky dogwood (Swida amomum)
silky dogwood (Swida amomum)
silky dogwood (Swida amomum)
winterberry (Ilex verticillata)
winterberry (Ilex verticillata)
winterberry (Ilex verticillata)
winterberry (Ilex verticillata)
sweet pepperbush (Clenthra alnifolia)
sweet pepperbush (Clenthra alnifolia)
sweet pepperbush (Clenthra alnifolia)
sweet pepperbush (Clenthra alnifolia)
jewelweed (Impatiens capensis)
jewelweed (Impatiens capensis)
jewelweed (Impatiens capensis)
jewelweed (Impatiens capensis)
golden ragwort (Packera aurea)
golden ragwort (Packera aurea)
golden ragwort (Packera aurea)
golden ragwort (Packera aurea)

crooked-stemmed aster (Symphyotrichum prenanthoides)

By Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species. Northeast National Technical Center, Chester. Courtesy of USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute. - USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species. Northeast National Technical Center, Chester., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=23569257

cinnamon fern (Osmunda cinnamomea)
cinnamon fern (Osmunda cinnamomea)
ostrich fern (Matteuccia struthiopteris)
ostrich fern (Matteuccia struthiopteris)
silvery spleenwort (Deparia acrostichoides)
silvery spleenwort (Deparia acrostichoides)
rattlesnake fern (Botrychium virginianum)
rattlesnake fern (Botrychium virginianum)
Christmas fern (Polystichum acrostichoides)
 Christmas fern (Polystichum acrostichoides)
golden saxifrage (Chrysoplenium americanum)
golden saxifrage (Chrysoplenium americanum)
scouring rush (Equisetum hyemale)
scouring rush (Equisetum hyemale)
false hellebore (Veratrum viride)
false hellebore (Veratrum viride)

water avens (Geum rivale)

CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=163092

eastern rough sedge (Carex scabrata)

Av © El Grafo / CC-BY-SA-3.0 (via Wikimedia Commons), CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=26222584

eastern rough sedge (Carex scabrata)

Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2740997

eastern rough sedge (Carex scabrata)

© El Grafo / CC-BY-SA-3.0 (via Wikimedia Commons) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

bladder sedge (Carex itumescens)
bladder sedge (Carex itumescens)
bladder sedge (Carex itumescens)
bladder sedge (Carex itumescens)
three-seeded sedge (Carex trisperma)
three-seeded sedge (Carex trisperma)
three-seeded sedge (Carex trisperma)
three-seeded sedge (Carex trisperma)
multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora)--Invasive species.
multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora)--Invasive species.
multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora)--Invasive species.
multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora)--Invasive species.
Japanese barberry (Berberis thunbergii)--Invasive species.
Japanese barberry (Berberis thunbergii)--Invasive species.
Japanese barberry (Berberis thunbergii)--Invasive species.
Japanese barberry (Berberis thunbergii)--Invasive species.
common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)--Invasive species.
common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)--Invasive species.
common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)--Invasive species.
common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)--Invasive species.