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Maritime Erosional Cliff

Photos: salicicola.com

 

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Overview

Extremely sparse vegetation on cliffs being actively eroded by the sea.

Seaward unconsolidated cliff faces, subject to erosion, particularly in storms. In the salt spray zone, above beach strand communities. Vegetation is most diverse where freshwater seepage emerges through the bluff. Clay and sand substrates may support different communities, needs inventory.

Photos credit to salicicola.com (unless otherwise noted). Natural communities information extracted from the Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife Natural Heritage and Endangered Species Program (NHESP) NHESP's Maritime Erosional Cliff natural community page.

 

SEMPBA Archives: Maritime Erosional Cliff

 

Species Name

poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)

Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)

wild rose (Rosa carolina)

wild rose (Rosa rugosa)

bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica)

sweet fern (Comptonia peregrina)

beach plum (Prunus maritima)

black cherry (Prunus serotina)

huckleberry (Gaylussacia baccata)

bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)

catbrier (Smilax rotundifolia)

Japonese honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica)

Morrow's honeysuckle (Lonicera morrowii)

multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora)

seaside yarrow (Achillea millefolium ssp. lanulosa)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium ssp. millefolium)

mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris)

dunegrass (Ammophila breviligulata ssp. breviligulata)

common horsetail (Equisetum arvense)

orache (Atriplex patula)

 

poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)
poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)
poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)
Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)
 Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)
 Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)
Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)

wild rose (Rosa carolina)
wild rose (Rosa carolina)
wild rose (Rosa rugosa)—Invasive species.
wild rose (Rosa rugosa)—Invasive species.
bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica)
bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica)
bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica)
bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica)
sweet fern (Comptonia peregrina)
sweet fern (Comptonia peregrina)
sweet fern (Comptonia peregrina)
sweet fern (Comptonia peregrina)
beach plum (Prunus maritima)
beach plum (Prunus maritima)
beach plum (Prunus maritima)
beach plum (Prunus maritima)
beach plum (Prunus maritima)
black cherry (Prunus serotina)
black cherry (Prunus serotina)
black cherry (Prunus serotina)
huckleberry (Gaylussacia baccata)
huckleberry (Gaylussacia baccata)
huckleberry (Gaylussacia baccata)
bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)
bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)
bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)
bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)
catbrier (Smilax rotundifolia)
catbrier (Smilax rotundifolia)
catbrier (Smilax rotundifolia)

catbrier (Smilax rotundifolia)

catbrier (Smilax rotundifolia)
Japonese honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica)--Invasive species.
Japonese honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica)--Invasive species.
Japonese honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica)--Invasive species.
Japonese honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica)--Invasive species.
Morrow's honeysuckle (Lonicera morrowii)--Invasive species.
Morrow's honeysuckle (Lonicera morrowii)--Invasive species.
Morrow's honeysuckle (Lonicera morrowii)--Invasive species.
Morrow's honeysuckle (Lonicera morrowii)--Invasive species.
multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora)--Invasive species.
multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora)--Invasive species.
multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora)--Invasive species.
multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora)--Invasive species.
seaside yarrow (Achillea millefolium ssp. lanulosa)
seaside yarrow (Achillea millefolium ssp. lanulosa)
seaside yarrow (Achillea millefolium ssp. lanulosa)
seaside yarrow (Achillea millefolium ssp. lanulosa)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium ssp. millefolium)--Non-native species.

Photo credit: ncrblueipad, http://www.inaturalist.org/observations/3845395

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium ssp. millefolium)--Non-native species.

Photo credit: ncrblueipad, http://www.inaturalist.org/observations/3845395

mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris)--Invasive species.
mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris)--Invasive species.
mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris)--Invasive species.
mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris)--Invasive species.
dune grass (Ammophila breviligulata ssp. breviligulata)
dune grass (Ammophila breviligulata ssp. breviligulata)
dune grass (Ammophila breviligulata ssp. breviligulata)
dune grass (Ammophila breviligulata ssp. breviligulata)
common horsetail (Equisetum arvense)
common horsetail (Equisetum arvense)
common horsetail (Equisetum arvense)
common horsetail (Equisetum arvense)
common horsetail (Equisetum arvense)
orache (Atriplex patula)—Non-native species.
orache (Atriplex patula)—Non-native species.
orache (Atriplex patula)—Non-native species.
orache (Atriplex patula)—Non-native species.