Maritime Forest/Woodland



Photos: salicicola.com

Naturalcom Home Page


Overview


Deciduous or mixed deciduous/evergreen forest/woodland within the salt spray zone near the ocean. The trees tend to be short, < 10 m (~ 30 ft).


Maritime communities occur near the ocean on exposed bluffs, the back or inland side of dunes, interdunal areas, and salt marsh borders, in mosaics of vegetation structure and species mixes. Strong winds, shifting sands, and flooding with saltwater create a dynamic system that maintains a variety of stages of early successional vegetation.

Photos credit to salicicola.com (unless otherwise noted). Natural communities information extracted from the Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife Natural Heritage and Endangered Species Program (NHESP). NHESP's Maritime Forest/Woodland natural community page.


SEMPBA Archives: Maritime Forest/Woodland


Species Name
black oak (Quercus velutina)
scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea)
white oak (Quercus alba)
pignut hickory (Carya glabra)
American holly (Ilex opaca)
sassafras (Sassafras albidum)
black gum (Nyssa sylvatica)
black cherry (Prunus serotina)
red maple (Acer rubrum)
American beech (Fagus grandifolia)
basswood (Tilia americana)
pitch pine (Pinus rigida)
red cedar (Juniperus virginiana)
hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)
greenbrier (Smilax rotundifolia)
poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)
Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)
grape (Vitis aestivalis)
Oriental bittersweet (Celastrus orbiculatus)
bayberry (Morella pensylvanica)
inkberry (Ilex glabra)
winged sumac (Rhus copallinum)
shadbush (Amelanchier laevis)

shadbush (Amelanchier canadensis)
sweet pepper-bush (Clethra alnifolia)
Japanese barberry (Berberis thunbergii)
Japanese honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica)
Morrow honeysuckle (Lonicera morrowii)
common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)
multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora)
bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum)
Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)
partridgeberry (Mitchella repens)
starflower (Lysimachia borealis)
Pennsylvania sedge (Carex pensylvanica)
swamp azalea (Rhododendron viscosum)
northern arrowwood (Viburnum dentatum)
winterberry (Ilex verticillata)
highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum)
columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)
starry Solomon's seal (Maianthemum stellatum)
painted Trillium (Trillium undulatum)
skunk meadow-rue (Thalictrum revolutum)

 

black oak (Quercus velutina)
black oak (Quercus velutina)
black oak (Quercus velutina)
black oak (Quercus velutina)
scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea)
scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea)
scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea)
scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea)
white oak (Quercus alba)
white oak (Quercus alba)
white oak (Quercus alba)
white oak (Quercus alba)
pignut hickory (Carya glabra)
pignut hickory (Carya glabra)
pignut hickory (Carya glabra)
pignut hickory (Carya glabra)
American holly (Ilex opaca)
American holly (Ilex opaca)
American holly (Ilex opaca)
American holly (Ilex opaca)
sassafras (Sassafras albidum)
sassafras (Sassafras albidum)
sassafras (Sassafras albidum)
sassafras (Sassafras albidum)
sassafras (Sassafras albidum)
black gum (Nyssa sylvatica)
black gum (Nyssa sylvatica)
black gum (Nyssa sylvatica)
black gum (Nyssa sylvatica)
black cherry (Prunus serotina)
black cherry (Prunus serotina)
black cherry (Prunus serotina)
black cherry (Prunus serotina)
red maple (Acer rubrum)
red maple (Acer rubrum)
red maple (Acer rubrum)
red maple (Acer rubrum)
American beech (Fagus grandifolia)
American beech (Fagus grandifolia)
American beech (Fagus grandifolia)
American beech (Fagus grandifolia)
basswood (Tilia americana)
basswood (Tilia americana)
basswood (Tilia americana)
basswood (Tilia americana)
pitch pine (Pinus rigida)
pitch pine (Pinus rigida)
pitch pine (Pinus rigida)
pitch pine (Pinus rigida)
red cedar (Juniperus virginiana)
red cedar (Juniperus virginiana)
red cedar (Juniperus virginiana)
red cedar (Juniperus virginiana)
hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)
hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)
hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)
hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)
greenbrier (Smilax rotundifolia)
greenbrier (Smilax rotundifolia)
greenbrier (Smilax rotundifolia)
greenbrier (Smilax rotundifolia)
poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)
poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)
poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)
poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)
Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)
Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)
Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)
Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)
grape (Vitis aestivalis)
grape (Vitis aestivalis)
grape (Vitis aestivalis)
grape (Vitis aestivalis)
Oriental bittersweet (Celastrus orbiculatus)—Invasive species.
Oriental bittersweet (Celastrus orbiculatus)—Invasive species.
Oriental bittersweet (Celastrus orbiculatus)—Invasive species.
Oriental bittersweet (Celastrus orbiculatus)—Invasive species.
bayberry (Morella pensylvanica)
bayberry (Morella pensylvanica)
bayberry (Morella pensylvanica)
bayberry (Morella pensylvanica)
inkberry (Ilex glabra)
inkberry (Ilex glabra)
inkberry (Ilex glabra)
inkberry (Ilex glabra)
winged sumac (Rhus copallinum)
winged sumac (Rhus copallinum)
winged sumac (Rhus copallinum)
winged sumac (Rhus copallinum)
shadbush (Amelanchier laevis)
shadbush (Amelanchier laevis)
shadbush (Amelanchier laevis)
shadbush (Amelanchier laevis)
shadbush (Amelanchier canadensis)
shadbush (Amelanchier canadensis)
shadbush (Amelanchier canadensis)
shadbush (Amelanchier canadensis)
sweet pepper-bush (Clethra alnifolia)
sweet pepper-bush (Clethra alnifolia)
sweet pepper-bush (Clethra alnifolia)
sweet pepper-bush (Clethra alnifolia)
Japanese barberry (Berberis thunbergii)—Invasive species.
Japanese barberry (Berberis thunbergii)—Invasive species.
Japanese barberry (Berberis thunbergii)—Invasive species.
Japanese barberry (Berberis thunbergii)—Invasive species.
Japanese honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica)—Invasive species.
Japanese honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica)—Invasive species.
Japanese honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica)—Invasive species.
Japanese honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica)—Invasive species.
Morrow honeysuckle (L. morrowii)—Invasive species.
Morrow honeysuckle (L. morrowii)—Invasive species.
Morrow honeysuckle (L. morrowii)—Invasive species.
Morrow honeysuckle (L. morrowii)—Invasive species.
common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)—Invasive species.
common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)—Invasive species.
common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)—Invasive species.
common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)—Invasive species.
multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora)—Invasive species.
multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora)—Invasive species.
multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora)—Invasive species.
multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora)—Invasive species.
bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum)
bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum)
bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum)
bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum)
Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)
Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)
Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)
Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)
partridgeberry (Mitchella repens)
partridgeberry (Mitchella repens)
partridgeberry (Mitchella repens)
partridgeberry (Mitchella repens)
starflower (Lysimachia borealis)
starflower (Lysimachia borealis)
starflower (Lysimachia borealis)
starflower (Lysimachia borealis)
Pennsylvania sedge (Carex pensylvanica)
Pennsylvania sedge (Carex pensylvanica)
Pennsylvania sedge (Carex pensylvanica)
Pennsylvania sedge (Carex pensylvanica)
swamp azalea (Rhododendron viscosum)
swamp azalea (Rhododendron viscosum)
swamp azalea (Rhododendron viscosum)
swamp azalea (Rhododendron viscosum)
northern arrowwood (Viburnum dentatum)
northern arrowwood (Viburnum dentatum)
northern arrowwood (Viburnum dentatum)
northern arrowwood (Viburnum dentatum)
winterberry (Ilex verticillata)
winterberry (Ilex verticillata)
winterberry (Ilex verticillata)
winterberry (Ilex verticillata)
highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum)
highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum)
highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum)
highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum)
columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)
columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)
columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)
columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)

starry Solomon's seal (Maianthemum stellatum)

 

By Walter Siegmund (talk) - Own work, CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3036791

starry Solomon's seal (Maianthemum stellatum)

 

By Dcrjsr - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=10771742

starry Solomon's seal (Maianthemum stellatum)

 

By Dcrjsr - Own work, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=27580297

painted Trillium (Trillium undulatum)
painted Trillium (Trillium undulatum)
painted Trillium (Trillium undulatum)
painted Trillium (Trillium undulatum)
skunk meadow-rue (Thalictrum revolutum)
skunk meadow-rue (Thalictrum revolutum)
skunk meadow-rue (Thalictrum revolutum)
skunk meadow-rue (Thalictrum revolutum)