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Maritime Juniper Woodland/Shrubland

Photos: salicicola.com

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Overview

Predominantly evergreen woodland / shrubland within the coastal salt spray zone. The trees tend to be short (less than 5 m, about 15 feet) and scattered. Tops of trees and shrubs are sculpted by winds and salt spray.

Maritime communities occur along the coast within the area of direct influence of the ocean and salt spray, but not in areas flooded by salt water. They are usually somewhat protected from direct spray by crests of dunes. Juniper dominated maritime communities tend to occur on sand of interdunal areas, backs of dunes, and exposed bluffs, and also on salt marsh borders, and, to a lesser extent, on rocky headlands.

Photos credit to salicicola.com (unless otherwise noted). Natural communities information extracted from the Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife Natural Heritage and Endangered Species Program (NHESP). NHESP's Maritime Juniper Woodland/Shrubland natural community page.

 

SEMPBA Archives: Maritime Juniper Woodland/Shrubland

 

Species Name

red cedar (Juniperus virginiana)

pitch pine (Pinus rigida)

scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea)

northern red oak (Quercus rubra)

black oak (Quercus velutina)

American holly (Ilex opaca)

black cherry (Prunus serotina)

red maple (Acer rubrum)

bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica)

winged sumac (Rhus copallinum)

green briar (Smilax rotundifolia)

little blue stem grass (Schizachyrium scoparium)

dune grass (Ammophila breviligulata)

beach heather (Hudsonia tomentosa)

seabeach sandwort (Honckenya peploides)

 

red cedar (Juniperus virginiana)
red cedar (Juniperus virginiana)
red cedar (Juniperus virginiana)
pitch pine (Pinus rigida)
pitch pine (Pinus rigida)
pitch pine (Pinus rigida)
scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea)
scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea)
scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea)
scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea)
northern red oak (Quercus rubra)
northern red oak (Quercus rubra)
northern red oak (Quercus rubra)
northern red oak (Quercus rubra)
black oak (Quercus velutina)
black oak (Quercus velutina)
black oak (Quercus velutina)
black oak (Quercus velutina)
American Holly (Ilex opaca)
 American Holly (Ilex opaca)
 American Holly (Ilex opaca)
 American Holly (Ilex opaca)
black cherry (Prunus serotina)
black cherry (Prunus serotina)
black cherry (Prunus serotina)
red maple (Acer rubrum)
red maple (Acer rubrum)
red maple (Acer rubrum)
red maple (Acer rubrum)
red maple (Acer rubrum)
red maple (Acer rubrum)
bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica)

bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica)

bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica)
bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica)
winged sumac (Rhus copallinum)
winged sumac (Rhus copallinum)
winged sumac (Rhus copallinum)
winged sumac (Rhus copallinum)
winged sumac (Rhus copallinum)
green briar (Smilax rotundifolia)
green briar (Smilax rotundifolia)
green briar (Smilax rotundifolia)
green briar (Smilax rotundifolia)
little blue stem grass (Schizachyrium scoparium)

little blue stem grass (Schizachyrium scoparium)

little blue stem grass (Schizachyrium scoparium)

little blue stem grass (Schizachyrium scoparium)

dune grass (Ammophila breviligulata)
dune grass (Ammophila breviligulata)
dune grass (Ammophila breviligulata)
beach heather (Hudsonia tomentosa)
beach heather (Hudsonia tomentosa)
beach heather (Hudsonia tomentosa)
seabeach sandwort (Honckenya peploides)
seabeach sandwort (Honckenya peploides)
seabeach sandwort (Honckenya peploides)
seabeach sandwort (Honckenya peploides)