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Northern Hardwoods - Hemlock - White Pine Forest

Photos: salicicola.com

 

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Overview

Closed canopy forest dominated by a mix of evergreen and deciduous trees, with sparse shrub and herbaceous layers.

Widespread in dry to mesic, moderately acidic conditions with moderate levels of nutrients. North facing slopes and ravines, and northern areas.

Photos credit to salicicola.com (unless otherwise noted). Natural communities information extracted from the Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife Natural Heritage and Endangered Species Program (NHESP). NHESP's Northern Hardwoods-Hemlock-White Pine Forest natural community page.

 

SEMPBA Archives: Northern Hardwoods-Hemlock-White Pine Forest

 

Species Name

eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)

sugar maple (Acer saccharum)

white ash (Fraxinus americana)

yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis)

black cherry (Prunus serotina)

red oak (Quercus rubra)

bitternut hickory (Carya cordiformis)

white pine (Pinus strobus)

American beech (Fagus grandifolia)

paper birch (Betula papyrifera)

aspen (Populus tremuloides)

hop-hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana)

red maple (Acer rubrum)

hobblebush (Viburnum lantanoides)

red-berried elderberry (Sambucus racemosassp. pubens)

fly honeysuckle (Lonicera canadensis)

striped maple (Acer pensylvanicum)

wood fern (Dryopteris intermedia)

Christmas fern (Polystichum acrostichoides)

Hickey's clubmoss (Dendrolycopodium hickeyi)

tree clubmoss (Lycopodium obscurum)

southern ground-cedar (Diphasiastrum digitatum)

shining clubmoss (Huperzia lucidula)

common clubmoss (Lycopodium clavatum)

Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)

white wood aster (Aster divaricatus)

wild oats (Uvularia sessilifolia)

painted trillium (Trillium undulatum)

purple trillium (Trillium erectum)

early yellow violet (Viola rotundifolia)

broad-leaved spring beauty (Claytonia caroliniana)

trout lily (Erythronium americanum)

 

eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)
eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)
eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)
eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)
hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)
sugar maple (Acer saccharum)
sugar maple (Acer saccharum)
sugar maple (Acer saccharum)
white ash (Fraxinus americana)
white ash (Fraxinus americana)
white ash (Fraxinus americana)
yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis)
yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis)
yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis)
black cherry (Prunus serotina)
black cherry (Prunus serotina)
black cherry (Prunus serotina)
red oak (Quercus rubra)
red oak (Quercus rubra)
red oak (Quercus rubra)
bitternut hickory (Carya cordiformis)
bitternut hickory (Carya cordiformis)
bitternut hickory (Carya cordiformis)
bitternut hickory (Carya cordiformis)
white pine (Pinus strobus)
white pine (Pinus strobus)
white pine (Pinus strobus)
white pine (Pinus strobus)
American beech (Fagus grandifolia)
American beech (Fagus grandifolia)
American beech (Fagus grandifolia)
American beech (Fagus grandifolia)
paper birch (Betula papyrifera)
paper birch (Betula papyrifera)
paper birch (Betula papyrifera)
aspen (Populus tremuloides)
aspen (Populus tremuloides)
aspen (Populus tremuloides)
aspen (Populus tremuloides)
hop-hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana)
hop-hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana)
hop-hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana)
hop-hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana)
red maple (Acer rubrum)
red maple (Acer rubrum)
red maple (Acer rubrum)
red maple (Acer rubrum)
red maple (Acer rubrum)
red maple (Acer rubrum)
hobblebush (Viburnum lantanoides)
hobblebush (Viburnum lantanoides)
hobblebush (Viburnum lantanoides)
hobblebush (Viburnum lantanoides)
red-berried elderberry (Sambucus racemosa ssp. pubens)
red-berried elderberry (Sambucus racemosa ssp. pubens)
red-berried elderberry (Sambucus racemosa ssp. pubens)
red-berried elderberry (Sambucus racemosa ssp. pubens)

fly honeysuckle (Lonicera canadensis)

By Fungus Guy - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12664850

striped maple (Acer pensylvanicum)
striped maple (Acer pensylvanicum)
striped maple (Acer pensylvanicum)
striped maple (Acer pensylvanicum)
wood fern (Dryopteris intermedia)
wood fern (Dryopteris intermedia)
wood fern (Dryopteris intermedia)
Christmas fern (Polystichum acrostichoides)
Christmas fern (Polystichum acrostichoides)
Christmas fern (Polystichum acrostichoides)
Hickey's clubmoss (Dendrolycopodium hickeyi)
Hickey's clubmoss (Dendrolycopodium hickeyi)
Hickey's clubmoss (Dendrolycopodium hickeyi)
Hickey's clubmoss (Dendrolycopodium hickeyi)
tree clubmoss (Lycopodium obscurum)
tree clubmoss (Lycopodium obscurum)
tree clubmoss (Lycopodium obscurum)
tree clubmoss (Lycopodium obscurum)
southern ground-cedar (Diphasiastrum digitatum)--shown on right, tree clubmoss (Lycopodium obscurum) is in the lower left side of this image.
southern ground-cedar (Diphasiastrum digitatum)
southern ground-cedar (Diphasiastrum digitatum)
southern ground-cedar (Diphasiastrum digitatum)
shining clubmoss (Huperzia lucidula)
shining clubmoss (Huperzia lucidula)
shining clubmoss (Huperzia lucidula)
shining clubmoss (Huperzia lucidula)
common clubmoss (Lycopodium clavatum)
common clubmoss (Lycopodium clavatum)
common clubmoss (Lycopodium clavatum)
common clubmoss (Lycopodium clavatum)
Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadensis)
Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadensis)
Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadensis)
Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadensis)
white wood aster (Aster divaricatus)
white wood aster (Aster divaricatus)
white wood aster (Aster divaricatus)
wild oats (Uvularia sessilifolia)
wild oats (Uvularia sessilifolia)
wild oats (Uvularia sessilifolia)
wild oats (Uvularia sessilifolia)
purple trillium (Trillium erectum)
purple trillium (Trillium erectum)
purple trillium (Trillium erectum)
purple trillium (Trillium erectum)
painted trillium (Trillium undulatum)
painted trillium (Trillium undulatum)
painted trillium (Trillium undulatum)
painted trillium (Trillium undulatum)

early yellow violet (Viola rotundifolia)

 

Photo credit: Jason Hollinger - Round-leaf Yellow Violet Uploaded by Amada44, CC BY 2.O, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=24213257

 

 

broad-leaved spring beauty (Claytonia caroliniana)
broad-leaved spring beauty (Claytonia caroliniana)
broad-leaved spring beauty (Claytonia caroliniana)
trout lily (Erythronium americanum)
trout lily (Erythronium americanum)
trout lily (Erythronium americanum)
trout lily (Erythronium americanum)