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Sandplain Grassland

Photos: salicicola.com

 

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Overview

An open community visually dominated by grasses, although forbs and shrubs are important components of the community.

A grassland community on flat outwash plains with droughty, low nutrient soils. Most occurrences are near the ocean and within the influence of winds and salt spray of storms, although sandplains throughout the state support small occurrences of this grassland community. The community grades into sandplain heathlands, shrublands, dunes, or forest. It is maintained by fire, salt spray, and, now, mowing. It often occurs as small openings within Pitch pine / Scrub oak communities.

Photos credit to salicicola.com (unless otherwise noted). Natural communities information extracted from the Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife Natural Heritage and Endangered Species Program (NHESP). NHESP's Sandplain Grassland natural community page.

 

SEMPBA Archives: Sandplain Grassland

 

Species Name

little blue stem grass (Schizachyrium scoparium)

Pennsylvania sedge (Carex pensylvanica)

poverty grass (Danthonia spicata)

bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)

scrub oak (Quercus ilicifolia)

stiff aster (Ionactis linariifolia)

bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica)

low bush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium)

black huckleberry (Gaylussacia baccata)

coastal plain slender goldenrod (Euthamia caroliniana)

common flat-topped goldenrod (Euthamia graminifolia)

zigzag goldenrod (Solidago flexicaulis)

gray goldenrod (Solidago nemoralis)

sweet goldenrod (Solidago odora)

downy goldenrod (Solidago puberula)

rough-stemmed goldenrod (Solidago rugosa)

showy goldenrod (Solidago speciosa)

goat's rue (Tephrosia virginiana)

yellow wild indigo (Baptisia tinctoria)

butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa)

bird's foot violet (Viola pedata)

sandplain gerardia (Agalinis acuta)
purple needlegrass (Aristida purpurascens)

commons' panic-grass (Dichanthelium ovale ssp. pseudopubescens)
harsh panic-grass (Dichanthelium scabriusculum)

sandplain flax (Linum intercursum)
stiff yellow flax (Linum medium var. texanum)
Bayard's adder's mouth (Malaxis bayardii)

 

little blue stem grass (Schizachyrium scoparium)
little blue stem grass (Schizachyrium scoparium)
little blue stem grass (Schizachyrium scoparium)
little blue stem grass (Schizachyrium scoparium)
Pennsylvania sedge (Carex pensylvanica)
Pennsylvania sedge (Carex pensylvanica)
Pennsylvania sedge (Carex pensylvanica)
poverty grass (Danthonia spicata)
poverty grass (Danthonia spicata)
poverty grass (Danthonia spicata)
poverty grass (Danthonia spicata)
bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)
bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)
bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)
bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)
scrub oak (Quercus ilicifolia)
scrub oak (Quercus ilicifolia)
scrub oak (Quercus ilicifolia)
scrub oak (Quercus ilicifolia)

scrub oak (Quercus ilicifolia)

stiff aster (Ionactis linariifolia)
stiff aster (Ionactis linariifolia)
stiff aster (Ionactis linariifolia)
stiff aster (Ionactis linariifolia)
bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica)
bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica)
bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica)
bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica)
low bush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium)
low bush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium)
low bush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium)
low bush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium) 
black huckleberry (Gaylussacia baccata)
black huckleberry (Gaylussacia baccata)
black huckleberry (Gaylussacia baccata)
coastal plain slender goldenrod (Euthamia caroliniana)
coastal plain slender goldenrod (Euthamia caroliniana)
coastal plain slender goldenrod (Euthamia caroliniana)
coastal plain slender goldenrod (Euthamia caroliniana)
common flat-topped goldenrod (Euthamia graminifolia)
common flat-topped goldenrod (Euthamia graminifolia)
common flat-topped goldenrod (Euthamia graminifolia)
common flat-topped goldenrod (Euthamia graminifolia)
zigzag goldenrod (Solidago flexicaulis)
zigzag goldenrod (Solidago flexicaulis)
zigzag goldenrod (Solidago flexicaulis)
zigzag goldenrod (Solidago flexicaulis)
gray goldenrod (Solidago nemoralis)
gray goldenrod (Solidago nemoralis)
gray goldenrod (Solidago nemoralis)
gray goldenrod (Solidago nemoralis)
sweet goldenrod (Solidago odora)
sweet goldenrod (Solidago odora)
sweet goldenrod (Solidago odora)
sweet goldenrod (Solidago odora)
downy goldenrod (Solidago puberula)
downy goldenrod (Solidago puberula)
downy goldenrod (Solidago puberula)
downy goldenrod (Solidago puberula)
rough-stemmed goldenrod (Solidago rugosa)
rough-stemmed goldenrod (Solidago rugosa)
rough-stemmed goldenrod (Solidago rugosa)
rough-stemmed goldenrod (Solidago rugosa)
showy goldenrod (Solidago speciosa)
showy goldenrod (Solidago speciosa)
showy goldenrod (Solidago speciosa)
showy goldenrod (Solidago speciosa)
goat's rue (Tephrosia virginiana)
goat's rue (Tephrosia virginiana)
goat's rue (Tephrosia virginiana)
goat's rue (Tephrosia virginiana)
yellow wild indigo (Baptisia tinctoria)
yellow wild indigo (Baptisia tinctoria)
yellow wild indigo (Baptisia tinctoria)
butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa)
butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa)
butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa)
butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa)
bird's foot violet (Viola pedata)
bird's foot violet (Viola pedata)
bird's foot violet (Viola pedata)
bird's foot violet (Viola pedata)
sandplain gerardia (Agalinis acuta)
sandplain gerardia (Agalinis acuta)
sandplain gerardia (Agalinis acuta)
sandplain gerardia (Agalinis acuta)

purple needlegrass (Aristida purpurascens)

By James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org - This image is Image Number 1120297 at Forestry Images, a source for forest health, natural resources and silviculture images operated by The Bugwood Network at the University of Georgia and the USDA Forest Service., CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=19292181

commons' panic-grass (Dichanthelium ovale ssp. pseudopubescens)

Photo credit: Anna Gardner, http://www.eeob.iastate.edu/research/IowaGrasses/speciespages/DichaOvaPse/DicOvaPsePl1.html

harsh panic-grass (Dichanthelium scabriusculum)

Av Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species. Northeast National Technical Center, Chester. Courtesy of USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute. - USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species. Northeast National Technical Center, Chester., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=24725360

sandplain flax (Linum intercursum)
sandplain flax (Linum intercursum)
sandplain flax (Linum intercursum)
sandplain flax (Linum intercursum)

stiff yellow flax (Linum medium var. texanum)

Photo credit: Bioimages, http://bioimages.vanderbilt.edu/metadata.htm?/528821/metadata/sp

stiff yellow flax (Linum medium var. texanum)

Photo credit: Bioimages, http://bioimages.vanderbilt.edu/metadata.htm?/528821/metadata/sp

stiff yellow flax (Linum medium var. texanum)

Photo credit: Bioimages, http://bioimages.vanderbilt.edu/metadata.htm?/528821/metadata/sp

stiff yellow flax (Linum medium var. texanum)

Photo credit: Bioimages, http://bioimages.vanderbilt.edu/metadata.htm?/528821/metadata/sp

Bayard's adder's mouth (Malaxis bayardii)

Photo credit: By Jen Modliszewski. Copyright © 2017.
North American Orchid Conservation Center, http://goorchids.northamericanorchidcenter.org/species/malaxis/bayardii/

Bayard's adder's mouth (Malaxis bayardii)

Photo credit: By Jen Modliszewski. Copyright © 2017.
North American Orchid Conservation Center, http://goorchids.northamericanorchidcenter.org/species/malaxis/bayardii/

Bayard's adder's mouth (Malaxis bayardii)

Photo credit: By Jen Modliszewski. Copyright © 2017.
North American Orchid Conservation Center, http://goorchids.northamericanorchidcenter.org/species/malaxis/bayardii/

Bayard's adder's mouth (Malaxis bayardii)

Photo credit: ByWilliam S. Moye. Copyright © 2017.
North American Orchid Conservation Center, http://goorchids.northamericanorchidcenter.org/species/malaxis/bayardii/