White Pine - Oak Forest

Description: Copy of white pine 5.jpeDescription: Copy of white oak 1.jpg
Photos: salicicola.com

 

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Overview

 

A forest of mixed dominance with oaks and white pine in the canopy.

 

On moraine or till, often dry but not very dry. Grades into Pine - Northern Hardwood to the north. In southern areas occurs near pitch pine - oak forests, and grades into them. Often in a successional

sequence from successional white pine forests. Also grades into mixed oak forests. In southeastern areas overlaps with Coastal Forest types: White pine - oak - holly and white pine - oak - beech forests.

 

Photos credit to salicicola.com (unless otherwise noted). Natural communities information extracted from the Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife Natural Heritage and Endangered Species Program (NHESP). NHESP's White Pine-Oak Forest natural community page.

SEMPBA Archives: White Pine-Oak Forest

 

Species Name

white pine (Pinus strobus)

red oak (Quercus rubra)

black oak (Quercus velutina)

white oak (Quercus alba)

scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea)

chestnut oak (Quercus montana)

pitch pine (Pinus rigida)

red maple (Acer rubrum)

white birch (Betula papyrifera)
black birch (Betula lenta)

pignut hickory (Carya glabra)

American beech (Fagus grandifolia)

sassafras (Sassafras albidum)

chestnut (Castanea dentata)

lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium)

hillside blueberry (Vaccinium pallidum)

huckleberry (Gaylussacia baccata)

mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia)

sheep laurel (Kalmia angustifolia)

maple-leaved viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium)

witch-hazel (Hamamelis virginiana)

bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum latiusculum)

bracken fern (Pteridium acquilinum pseudocaudatum)

wild sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis)

Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)

wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens)

partridge-berry (Mitchella repens)

pink lady's slipper (Cypripedium acaule)

cow-wheat (Melampyrum lineare)

whorled loosestrife (Lysimachia quadrifolia)

tree clubmoss (Dendrolycopodium obscurum)

southern ground-cedar (Diphasiastrum digitatum)

staghorn clubmoss (Lycopodium clavatum)

 

Description: Copy of white pine 7.jpe white pine (Pinus strobus)
Description: Copy of white pine 3.jpe white pine (Pinus strobus)
Description: Copy of white pine 4.jpe white pine (Pinus strobus)
Description: Copy of white pine 5.jpe white pine (Pinus strobus)
Description: Copy of red oak 1.jpe red oak (Quercus rubra)
Description: Copy of red oak 5.jpe red oak (Quercus rubra)
Description: Copy of red oak 3.jpe red oak (Quercus rubra)
Description: black oak 1.jpe black oak (Quercus velutina)
Description: black oak 2.jpe black oak (Quercus velutina)
Description: black oak 5.jpe black oak (Quercus velutina)
Description: Copy of white oak 1.jpg white oak (Quercus alba)
Description: Copy of white oak 3.jpg white oak (Quercus alba)
Description: Copy of white oak 4.jpg white oak (Quercus alba)
Description: Copy of scarlet oak 4.jpe scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea)
Description: Copy of scarlet oak 2.jpg scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea)
Description: Copy of scarlet oak 6.jpe scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea)
Description: chestnut oak 2.jpe chestnut oak (Quercus montana)
Description: chestnut oak 4.jpe chestnut oak (Quercusmontana)
Description: chestnut oak 1.jpe chestnut oak (Quercusmontana)
Description: chestnut oak 3.jpe chestnut oak (Quercus montana)
Description: pitch pine 7.jpe pitch pine (Pinus rigida)
Description: pitch pine 4.jpe pitch pine (Pinus rigida)
Description: pitch pine 5.jpe pitch pine (Pinus rigida)
Description: pitch pine 2.jpe pitch pine (Pinus rigida)
Description: Copy of red maple 2.jpe red maple (Acer rubrum)
Description: Copy of red maple 4.jpe red maple (Acer rubrum)
Description: Copy of red maple 5.jpg red maple (Acer rubrum)
Description: white birch 2.jpe white birch (Betula papyrifera)
Description: white birch 3.jpe

white birch (Betula papyrifera)

Description: white birch 4.jpe white birch (Betula papyrifera)
Description: Copy of black birch 3.jpe black birch (Betula lenta)
Description: Copy of black birch 2.jpe black birch (Betula lenta)
Description: Copy of black birch 1.jpg black birch (Betula lenta)
Description: Copy of pignut hickory 2.jpg pignut hickory (Carya glabra)
Description: Copy of pignut hickory 3.jpe pignut hickory (Carya glabra)
Description: Copy of pignut hickory 4.jpg pignut hickory (Carya glabra)
American beech (Fagus grandifolia)
American beech (Fagus grandifolia)
American beech (Fagus grandifolia)
American beech (Fagus grandifolia)
Description: Copy of sassafras 3.jpe sassafras (Sassafras albidum)
sassafras (Sassafras albidum)
sassafras (Sassafras albidum)
sassafras (Sassafras albidum)
Description: Copy of sassafras 2.jpe sassafras (Sassafras albidum)
Description: Copy of sassafras 4.jpg sassafras (Sassafras albidum)
Description: Copy of chestnut 1.jpe chestnut (Castanea dentata)
Description: Copy of chestnut 2.jpe chestnut (Castanea dentata)
Description: Copy of chestnut 4.jpe chestnut (Castanea dentata)
Description: Copy of chestnut 3.jpe chestnut (Castanea dentata)
Description: Copy of lowbush blueberry 5.jpe lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium)
Description: Copy of lowbush blueberry 6.jpg lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium)
Description: Copy of lowbush blueberry 1.jpg lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium)
Description: Copy of lowbush blueberry 7.jpe lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium)
Description: Copy of hillside blueberry 4.jpe hillside blueberry (Vaccinium pallidum)
Description: Copy of hillside blueberry 3.jpe hillside blueberry (Vaccinium pallidum)
Description: Copy of hillside blueberry 5.jpg hillside blueberry (Vaccinium pallidum)
Description: huckleberry 1.jpe huckleberry (Gaylussacia baccata)
Description: huckleberry 6.jpe huckleberry (Gaylussacia baccata)
Description: huckleberry 4.jpe huckleberry (Gaylussacia baccata)
Description: huckleberry 3.jpe huckleberry (Gaylussacia baccata)
Description: mountainlaurel 5.jpe mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia)
Description: mountainlaurel 4.jpg mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia)
Description: mountainlaurel 2.jpe mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia)
Description: mountainlaurel 6.jpe mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia)
Description: sheep laurel 6.jpe sheep laurel (Kalmia angustifolia)
Description: sheep laurel 1.jpe sheep laurel (Kalmia angustifolia)
Description: sheep laurel 4.jpe sheep laurel (Kalmia angustifolia)
Description: Copy of viburnum 1.jpe maple-leaved viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium)
Description: Copy of viburnum 4.jpe

maple-leaved viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium)

Description: Copy of viburnum 3.jpe maple-leaved viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium)
Description: Copy of viburnum 2.jpe maple-leaved viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium)
witch-hazel (Hamamelis virginiana)
witch-hazel (Hamamelis virginiana)
witch-hazel (Hamamelis virginiana)
witch-hazel (Hamamelis virginiana)
Description: bracken fern l 2.jpe bracken fern (Pteridium acquilinum latiusculum)
Description: bracken fern l 3.jpe bracken fern (Pteridium acquilinum latiusculum)
Description: bracken fern l 1.jpe bracken fern (Pteridium acquilinum latiusculum)
Description: bracken fern p 1.jpg bracken fern (Pteridium acquilinum pseudocaudatum)
Description: bracken fern p 3.jpg bracken fern (Pteridium acquilinum pseudocaudatum)
Description: bracken fern p 4.jpg bracken fern (Pteridium acquilinum pseudocaudatum)
Description: Copy of sarsaparilla 2.jpe wild sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis)
Description: Copy of sarsaparilla 4.jpg

wild sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis)

Description: Copy of sarsaparilla 6.jpe wild sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis)
Description: Copy of sarsaparilla 3.jpe wild sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis)
Description: canada mayflower 2.jpg Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)
Description: canada mayflower 4.jpe Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)
Description: canada mayflower 3.jpe Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)
Description: wintergreen 1.jpe wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens)
Description: wintergreen 4.jpe wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens)
Description: wintergreen 5.jpe wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens)
Description: wintergreen 3.jpe wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens)
Description: partridge berry 4.jpg partridge-berry (Mitchella repens)
Description: partridge berry 1.jpg partridge-berry (Mitchella repens)
Description: partridge berry 3.jpg partridge-berry (Mitchella repens)
Description: partridge berry 2.jpe partridge-berry (Mitchella repens)
Description: pink lady 4.jpe pink lady's slipper (Cypripedium acaule)
Description: pink lady 1.jpe pink lady's slipper (Cypripedium acaule)
Description: pink lady 5.jpg pink lady's slipper (Cypripedium acaule)
Description: cow wheat 3.jpg cow-wheat (Melampyrum lineare)
Description: cow wheat 1.jpg cow-wheat (Melampyrum lineare)
Description: cow wheat 2.jpg cow-wheat (Melampyrum lineare)
Description: whorled loosestrife 1.jpg whorled loosestrife (Lysimachia quadrifolia)
Description: whorled loosestrife 3.jpe whorled loosestrife (Lysimachia quadrifolia)
Description: whorled loosestrife 2.jpe whorled loosestrife (Lysimachia quadrifolia)
tree clubmoss (Dendrolycopodium obscurum)
tree clubmoss (Dendrolycopodium obscurum)
tree clubmoss (Dendrolycopodium obscurum)
tree clubmoss (Dendrolycopodium obscurum)
southern ground-cedar (Diphasiastrum digitatum)
southern ground-cedar (Diphasiastrum digitatum)
southern ground-cedar (Diphasiastrum digitatum)
southern ground-cedar (Diphasiastrum digitatum)
staghorn clubmoss (Lycopodium clavatum)
staghorn clubmoss (Lycopodium clavatum)
staghorn clubmoss (Lycopodium clavatum)
staghorn clubmoss (Lycopodium clavatum)